Periodontal disease is the technical term used for gum disease. This infection and inflammation of the gums affects an estimated 47 percent of adults over the age of 30 and often goes undetected because it doesn’t usually hurt in the early stages. Gum disease is commonly caused by hardened tartar at the gumline. At the same time, increased risk factors like regular tobacco use and medical conditions can accelerate the periodontal infection.
The earliest stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Early symptoms include red or inflamed gums that bleed easily during brushing and flossing. You may also experience chronic bad breath. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, the issue could possibly be reversed by steadfast improvements in your daily oral hygiene regimen and regular dental cleanings.
If gingivitis symptoms go ignored, it will eventually develop into the most advanced form of gum disease, which is known as periodontitis. This degree of infection and inflammation deep in the gum tissue can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth. This allows pockets of infection to form deep within the gum tissues and over time can even cause the loss of bone structure and tooth loss.
Periodontitis often results in systemic inflammation that can tax your immune system. Continuing research has found that this can be related to other medical conditions, including diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer.
If you are concerned that you might be developing periodontal disease, you should call us at 360-876-0445 to seek timely treatment with your dentists.